Poor Law

Settlement Act
The Poor Relief Act 1662 (13&14 Car. II c.12) was an Act of the Cavalier Parliament of England. It was an Act for the Better Relief of the Poor of this Kingdom and is also known as the Settlement Act or, more honestly, the Settlement and Removal Act. The purpose of the Act was to establish the parish to which a person belonged (i.e. his/her place of "settlement"), and hence clarify which parish was responsible for him should he become in need of Poor Relief (or "chargeable" to the parish poor rates). This was the first occasion when a document proving domicile became statutory: these were called "settlement certificates".

After 1662, if a man left his settled parish to move elsewhere, he had to take his Settlement Certificate, which guaranteed that his home parish would pay for his "removal" costs (from the host parish) back to his home if he needed poor relief. As parishes were often unwilling to issue such certificates people often stayed where they were – knowing that in an emergency they would be entitled to their parish's poor rate.

The 1662 Act stipulated that if a poor person (that is, resident of a tenancy with a taxable value less than £10 per year, who did not fall under the other protected categories) remained in the parish for forty days of undisturbed residency, he could acquire "settlement rights" in that parish. However, within those forty days, upon any local complaint, two JPs could remove the man and return him to his home parish. As a result, parish bosses frequently dispatched their poor to other parishes, with instructions to remain hidden for forty days before revealing themselves. This loophole was closed with the 1685 act (1 Jam II c.17) which required new arrivals to register with parish authorities. But sympathetic parish officers often hid the registration, and did not reveal the presence of new arrivals until the required residency period was over. As a result, the law was further tightened in 1692 (3 & 4 Will & Mar, c.11), and parish officers were obliged to publicly publish arrival registrations in writing in the local church Sunday circular, and read to the congregation, and that the forty days would only start counting from thereon.

The Settlement Act was repealed in 1834 (under the terms of the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, which introduced the Union Workhouse), although not fully. The concept of parish settlement has been characterised as "incompatible with the newly developing industrial system", because it hindered internal migration to factory towns. [Wikipedia]

Unfortunately, no documentation concerning settlement seems to have survived for Aughton. However, the settlement records for some neighbouring parishes do survive, particularly for Seaton Ross (PC7), which do contain settlement certificates and examinations for Aughton residents.

The following is a list of settlement and bastardy documentation from the East Riding Archives in Beverley that relate to Aughton folk:

Parish Reference Document Date Details
Seaton Ross PC7/5/4 Settlement examination 11 Jun 1787 Name: Thomas Robinson; Age: not given; Status/occupation: not given; Place of settlement: Aughton; Other particulars: born at Acklam. Hired by George Richardson, farmer of Aughton Ruddings.
Seaton Ross PC7/6/14 Settlement certificate 27 Apr 1757 Name: Elizabeth Newbald; Age: not given; Status/occupation:; Place of settlement: Aughton; Other particulars: children
Seaton Ross PC7/6/31 Settlement certificate 11 Apr 1781 Name: Robert Cook; Age: not given; Status/occupation: yeoman; Place of settlement: Laytham, parish Aughton; Other particulars: wife Sarah, children William, Jane
Seaton Ross PC7/6/36 Settlement certificate 12 Oct 1784 Name: Robert Tindale; Age: not given; Status/occupation; Place of settlement: Aughton; Other particulars: wife Elizabeth, son Robert
Seaton Ross PC7/5/6 Settlement examination 11 Jun 1787 Name: David Wray; Age: not given; Status/occupation: not given; Place of settlement: Storwood, par. East Cottingwith; Other particulars: born at Flaxton, N.R. Hired by Robert Adamson, farmer of S.
Seaton Ross PC7/6/26 Settlement certificate 1 Apr 1774 Name: George Hunter; Age: not given; Status/occupation:; Place of settlement: East Cottingwith; Other particulars: wife, children Easter, George
Aughton QST/47/22 Vagrants c1764-65 Audited voucher of constable of Aughton: - vagrants.
Bubwith QSU/1/4/8 Bastardy recognizance 1803 Session: 1803 Easter; Father: Matthew Johnson; Father's residence: Bubwith; Father's job: servantman; Surety: Matthew Johnson; Surety's residence: Aughton; Surety's job: labourer; Mother: Sarah Ombler; Mother's residence: Scoreby
Bubwith QSU/1/19/6 Bastardy recognizance 1818 Session: 1818 Christmas; Father: James Coates; Father's residence: Gribthorpe; Father's job: farmer; Surety: George Eland; Surety's residence: Gribthorpe; Surety's job: farmer; Mother: Ann Smith; Mother's residence: Aughton
Gilberdyke QSU/4/12/1 Removal order 26 Dec 1801 Removal order of Lea Bristow, singlewoman; from Aughton to Gilberdyke.
Hemmingborough QSU/4/112/9 Removal order 31 Oct 1826 Removal order of Matthew Green, Ann his wife, children Jane (2), James (1); from Aughton to Hemmingborough.
Pocklington PLU QAL/2/1/7 Return of pauper lunatics 1842 Ann Wansburgh, 30, East Cottingwith
Pocklington PLU QAL/2/12/6 Return of pauper lunatics 1854 Stephen Robinson, East Cottingwith
Pocklington PLU QAL/2/14/6 Return of pauper lunatics 1856 Stephen Robinson, East Cottingwith
Pocklington PLU QAL/2/17/7 Return of pauper lunatics 1859 Stephen Robinson, East Cottingwith
Fulford QSU/1/5/13 Bastardy recognizance 1804 Session: 1804 Easter; Father: Matthew Ben; Father's residence: Fulford; Father's job: labourer; Surety: John Ben; Surety's residence: Fulford; Surety's job: farmer; Mother: Mary Carvil; Mother's residence: East Cottingwith
Gilberdyke QSU/1/7/10 Bastardy recognizance 1806 Session: 1806 Midsummer; Father: Matthew Precious; Father's residence: Gilberdyke; Father's job: labourer; Surety: William Precious; Surety's residence: East Cottingwith; Surety's job: labourer; Mother: Ann Hunter; Mother's residence: Allerthorpe
East Cottingwith QSU/1/13/4 Bastardy recognizance 1811 Session: 1812 Christmas; Father: John Calvert; Father's residence: East Cottingwith; Father's job: farmer's servant; Surety: Thomas Rennet; Surety's residence: East Cottingwith; Surety's job: labourer; Mother: Jane Vousburgh; Mother's residence: East Cottingwith
Minthorpe QSU/1/13/5 Bastardy recognizance 1811 Session: 1812 Christmas; Father: Joseph Lully; Father's residence: Minthorpe; Father's job: servantman; Surety: John Arnold; Surety's residence: East Cottingwith; Surety's job: labourer; Mother: Elizabeth Ward; Mother's residence: Sutton upon Derwent
Seaton Ross QSU/1/14/8 Bastardy recognizance 1813 Session: 1813 Michaelmas; Father: William Killingbeck; Father's residence: Seaton Ross; Father's job: servant; Surety: Thomas Harper; Surety's residence: Foggathorpe; Surety's job: farmer; Mother: Betty Holborn; Mother's residence: East Cottingwith
Laytham QSU/4/221/1 Removal order 6 Feb 1841 Removal order of Robert Brabs; from Storwood to Laytham; with examination papers
Latham QSU/4/130/6 Removal order 23 Mar 1832 Removal order of George Smith, Ann his wife, daughter Mary (6 months); from Eastrington to Latham.
Latham QSU/4/137/8 Removal order 5 Mar 1834 Removal order of Robert Cook, Mary his wife, children John (15), Henry (11), Robert (8), Ann (5), Joseph (1); from Latham to Foggathorpe.