Bubwith Miscellenea: A Timeline

1354: The Black Death spread across England from 1345 to 1349 and many settlements experienced a dramatic drop in the number of their inhabitants as a result of the plague. The impact can be judged from the Lay Subsidy of 1354, in which settlements that were badly effected were granted relief on the normal subsidy payable. The relief for the townships of Bubwith were as follows:

£2 10s

£1 4s


£2 16s 8d.
6s 8d

It can be seen that the townships of Bubwith, Foggathorpe and Spaldington were particularly badly hit.

Source: The Black Death, by Rosemary Horrox, 1994, pages 296-297.

1499:  Eleanor one of the daughters and heirs of Robert Roos, knight. Writ 10 February, 14 Henry VII [1498/9]; proof of age, 28 October, 15 Henry VII

York. She was born at Bryghton and baptized in the parish church of Bubwyth the last day of September, 12 Henry VI , and was aged 55 the last day of September last; and this George Layburn, aged 78 and more, well remembers, because on the day of her birth one John Forder, fisherman, at Bryghton, in the water of Derwent, netted a big fish, of great length, with a head like a dog's, &c.

Her lands of inheritance were in the wardship of John Tailboys the elder, esquire, by grant of the said late king.

C. Series II. Vol. 14. (11.)
From: Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Henry VII, Vol II, entry 254

Letters Patent: Pardon for Marmaduke Langdale of Spaudington in the East Riding of Yorkshire. It is reported by a tenor of an inquisition taken at Spaudington on 19 August, 2 Eliz., before Thomas Pacok, a coroner of the county, on the body of George Lauson of Spaudington, yeoman, that Langdale killed Lawson in self defence on 9 August then last at Spaudington (details given)
From: Patent Rolls, TNA, C66/975, m.10, 11 June 1561

Letters Patent: Pardon for Alexander Dawson late of Southolme in the North Riding, co. York, and Marmaduke Reide late of Kingston upon Hull, 'yoman', [m. 16] indicted at the gaol delivery at York castle on 27 July, 15 Eliz., before Richard Harpur, justice of the Common Pleas, and Christopher Wray, justice of the Queen's Bench, justices of assize in the county. It was found by an inquisition taken at Spaldington in the East Riding, co. York, before John Foster, coroner in the East Riding, on the body of John Sowle late of Spaldington, 'yoman', (jury named) that on 20 Sept. in the same year a crowd of 60 persons, including Dawson and Reide with William Pendleton late of Thornton Lande in the East Riding, 'yoman', Lawrence Jorden, 'yoman', John Westgate. 'mariner', William Jennynges, 'tromepeter', Edward Jennynges, 'mariner', James Neale alias Neill, 'tayllor', Sebastian Parker, 'yoman', Nicholas Mansfeild, 'mariner', all late of Kingston upon Hull, Bartholomew Thwaites late of Yokeflete in the East Riding, 'laborer', George Aske late of Estrington in the East Riding and Edward Bentley late of Thornton Lande, 'yoman', riotously assembled at Thornton House and there assaulted Sowle, that Pennelton wounded him so that he died on 27 Oct. and that the others abetted him (details given). Dawson and Reide pleaded not guilty but were convicted of manslaughter.
From: Calendar of Patent Rolls, Vol 6, page 310

1610: (Persecution of Catholics) Not far from York, in Bubwith parish, dwells one John Barber, a yeoman of good estate and pretty land. This man had compounded with the king, and paid unto him two parts of his living, having only the third part left, to maintain himself, his wife, and children, together with his old father and mother who lived with him: yet, notwithstanding, the officers of the sheriff and other pursuivants did, in one year, drive away all his goods and cattle which he had, three several times; and, the last time, came and took all the goods and cattle which were in his grounds (were they his own or others' they respect not, so they find them on his grounds): next, all the hay and corn in his barns, with wood and other goods about the house, they prize and set to sale to whosoever will buy them, and that, at almost half of the worth of them, thereby to allure the neighbours to buy them: and, in like manner, all the goods in the house; seeking likewise for the man himself, whom they would have had in person, and committed to prison. The good man, seeing no redress, got out to one of his neighbours and friends, and entreated him to buy, in his own name, all the goods and cattle about the house; for to the man himself, or to any other for him, they would in no case sell them. The neighbour did so, and bought the goods as for himself, and, paying the money, took them as his own, and afterwards, in private, let the owner have them again, at the same price under the worth as he bought. This good man, thus used, presently after came to the place where I was, related unto me all the manner of proceeding against him, and, lamenting his case, told us that he did not know what to do with his ground and land; for, to till it or stock it himself (besides that his goods and corn would be taken from him) he was not able, as having been so charged with buying again his own goods; and to let it to others he could not, for no man would take it of him, though they might have it for nothing; for they were sure to lose the goods and cattle they put on it, or the corn they did sow in it.

The same man had, not long after, his goods taken out of his house by the churchwardens, his own neighbours, by the direction and command of a neighbour Justice of the Peace, one Sir William Hillyard, who, upon his own malice, caused all churchwardens to exact of every recusant twelve pence, for every week's absence from the church; and, if they would not pay it, he gave them warrant and charged them to enter the house, and take any goods they could find, and carry them into the church, and keep them in the vestry or sacristry; which, for fear, the poor man did so exactly perform, that they had almost filled the vestry, with pots, pans, pewter, and such household stuff.
Source: Dodd's Church History of England from the Commencement of the Sixteenth ... by Charles Dodd, Hugh Tootell, 1841, pages 164-5.

1655: Pity yt sad accident upon Saturday the fift of this moneth happened at Fockerthrop in ye house of Francis Blancherd, husbandman, being himselfe his wife and two sons at Holden Market one at home-some nieghbour servant came to fetch fire (ye wind southward) it seemed some sparke scattered in ye dunghill kindled in ye straw ascended the barne and dwelling-house (being remote from help, it consumed there his substance (oh hevie returne) the Lord in mercie divert the judgements our sins soe much deserve.
Source: Howden Parish Registers, inserted at the end of the May 1655 burials.

1657: On 11th February 1657 Thomas Cowlam of Spaldington and Jane Millington of Willitoft were married in an alehouse, Robert Browne, vicar of Eastrington performing the ceremony, with Richard Clarke J.P. as witness.
Source: Curious Tales of Old East Yorkshire, by Howard Peach, 2001, page 51.

1671: (Concerning stolen horses) In one instance, in the East Riding in 1671, fairs were used. On 12th June the thief, William Agar of Howden, stole a colt from the town fields of Hunmanby some 40 miles away and headed home with it. Seven days later he disposed of the colt at the nearby fair at South Cave to John Dunn, a draper from Howden, who immediately sold it to Richard Simpson, a labourer from the same town. On 25th July, Simpson took the animal 15 miles to Pocklington fair where he exchanged it for a filly belonging to George Skipwith, a Spaldington brewer. There, at Spaldington, Richard Blackburn of Hunmanby found his stolen horse.
Source: The Horse Trade of Tudor and Stuart England, by Peter Edwards, Peter Roger Edwards, 1988, page 53.

Newcastle Courant, April 4, 1747
York, March 31
The following persons were tried at York Castle this Assizes....Will.  Jackson, on suspicion of breaking into the parish church of Bubwith, and taking away the vestments, parish register, &c.

Caledonian Mercury, April 19, 1766
Extract of a letter from London, April 15
They write from York, that, last week was committed to the Castle, John Skipwith of Breighton, in the parish of Bubwith, in the East-Riding of that county, charged with the murder of John Eckels, of the same place. The accounts ol the manner in which his murder was committed vary, yet in ge- neral they agree in this, that John Eckels had been at Howden market on Saturday, where he had received about 20l. in cash; that Skipwith and he went home together, and when they got near Breighton, Skipwith knocked him down with a hatchet, and robbed him. John Eckels languished till the Tuesday following, during which time he was able to give some account of his misfortune.

Leeds Intelligencer, March 25, 1783
Leeds March 25
On the 17th inst. was married at Bubwith, near Selby, Mr Joshua Hartley, of Emanuel College, Cambridge, to Miss Halley, only daughter of Mr. Halley, of that town.

Leeds Intelligencer, October 7, 1788
To be Sold
Willitoft: A complete and very valuable freehold estate, situate at Willitoft, near Howden, containing 817 acres, or thereabouts, of good Land, lying in a ring-fence, and now let to substantial tenants in 6 farms, at improvable rents, with suitable farm-houses, excellent barns, commodious outbuildings, several cottages, and other rights and appurtenances. If this estate should not be sold all together at the above time, and there should appear to be purchasers for the same in parcels, it will, in that case, be then offered to sale in five or six lots, which will accommodate those who wish to lay out their money to advantage in the purchase of good farms, either for their occupation or to let.
There is a considerable quantity of fine growing Wood (chiefly oak) upon the premises, and all the produce is conveyed by water at an easy expense to Hull, Leeds, Wakefield, &c. the navigable River Derwent being only about 2 miles from Willitoft, which also affords a good Opportunity of obtaining Tillage. Farther particulars may be had at the Office of Messrs. Townend and Wolley, in York.

Leeds Intelligencer, February 10, 1789
A few days since was married, Mr. John Barker, an eminent farmer at Spaldington, to Miss Reader, of Hotham Carrs.

Leeds Intelligencer, September 21, 1790
Leeds Monday, September 20
On Tuesday died at Mr Coupland's, without Bootham-bar, York, Mrs. Brownbridge, of Bubwith.

Leeds Intelligencer, March 29, 1791
Monday's Post from the London Gazette
Whitehall, March 26. The King has been pleased to grant unto H. Nooth, of Spaldington, Esq, late a Lieutenant Colonel in His Majesty's Service, his royal licence and authority, that he and his issue by Ann Asheton, his present wife, who is one of the co-heirs and representatives of the ancient family of Vavasour, of Spaldington, may take and use the surname of Vavasour only, and bear the Arms of Vavasour of Spaldington.

Northampton Mercury, August 9, 1794
John Grundon, of Breighton, Yorkshire, miller.

Leeds Intelligencer, January 5, 1795
Leeds, January 5
On New Year's Day was married, Mr. John Musgrave, of Bramley, near this town, to Miss Musgrave, of Bubwith, near Howden.

Caledonian Mercury, August 1, 1795
London, July 29
At the East-Riding Sessions, Yorkshire, the overseers of Bubwith were fined 5l. each, for inhumanly conveying a travelling woman out of their liberties, who was then in the pains of labour, and was delivered on the road before she could reach any place for succour.

Leeds Intelligencer, September 7, 1795
Leeds, September 7
The Rev. Francis Leighton, of Shrewsbury, who has an estate in the township of Bubwith, near York, has transmitted to the Rev. George Ion, thirty guineas, for the use of the poor of Bubwith.

1796: Died, at Foggathorpe, aged 84, Mr M. Clarkson, the sincere Christian, and good man
Source: The Monthly Magazine, by Richard Phillips, 1796, page 252.

1800: (Married 7 times!) Although William Tate of Spaldington achieved only seven weddings, he died at Bubwith in 1800 a widower and a centenarian.
Source: Curious Tales of Old East Yorkshire, by Howard Peach, 2001, page 54.

Leeds Intelligencer, December 15, 1800
Monday's Post from the London Gazette
Sir H. Vavasour, of Spaldington and Melbourne, kissed the King's hand on Wednesday fe'nnight, on being created a Baronet.

Leeds Intelligencer, August 10, 1801
Leeds, August 10
To be sold by private contract, The FREEHOLD ESTATE of WILLITOFT, in the East Riding of the County of York, situate in the Parish of Bubwith, Five Miles from Howden, Seven from Selby, and Twelve from York, and within One Mile of the Navigable River Derwent.
The estate consists of Five Capital Farms and four cottages; the farm-houses are good, and have convenient outbuildings to the same; in good repair, placed in the centre of the estate, which contains eight hundred and sixteen acres of fine corn land, well divided with quick thorn hedges, and within a ring-fence.
The whole estate has right of common on the extensive Commons known by the name of Newsham Commons, which are expected soon to be divided and enclosed.
Mr Thomas Massey, tenant at the Hall Farm, in Willitoft, will shew the Estate, and of whom particulars may be had, and also of Mr. Richard Clark, at Rothwell-Haigh near Leeds, and of Mr. Rich. Clark, jun., at Escrick, near York, who are authorised to treat for the same.
N.B. If not sold by private contract before the next York Race Week, it will be then be offered by public auction, together or in such Lots as may be assigned or set out on Friday in the said Race Week, at the Whitehorse, in Coppergate, York; of which further notice will be given, if not sold before that time.

York Herald, November 7, 1801
On Saturday week died at Foggathorpe, aged 27, of a lingering illness, which she bore with Christian fortitude and resignation, Mrs Jane Linton, wife of Mr. James Linton of the former place, and daughter of Mr. John Cross of Barmby Moor. - She was an affectionate wife and sincere friend.

Leeds Intelligencer, June 14, 1802
Lately was married, Wm. Holderness, esq; of Spaldington, to Miss Garlick, of Hook.

Leeds Intelligencer, June 21, 1802
On Tuesday died at Howden, aged 64, Mr. Marmaduke Gibson, a wealthy farmer, late of Spaldington.

York Herald, April 2, 1803
Within the parish of Bubwith, to be sold at auction, upon leases, for three lives. At the George Inn, in Coney-street, York, on Thursday the 14 April 1803, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, subject to such conditions as will then be produced. ALL those tithes, or moieties of tithes, belonging to the Dean and Chapter of York, within the several townships of Spaldington, Foggathorpe, Gribthorpe, and Willytoft. The tithes of each Township will be sold separately, subject to a small annual reserved rent and the usual covenants; and each Purchaser will have a Lease granted for three lives of his own naming.

Leeds Intelligencer, August 1, 1803
Saturday's Post, London 28.
To be sold by auction, in Lots, By Mr Joseph Clatton, At the George Inn, in Selby, on Monday the 22 August instant, between the hours of two and six o'clock in the afternoon.
... Also, a farm at Bubwith, consisting of a good farmhouse and convenient outbuildings and sixty-two acres, one rood, and twenty-nine perches of Land, in the occupation of Edward Weddell, esq.

Leeds Intelligencer, November 28, 1803
On Tuesday fe'nnight was married at Howden, John Blanchard esq; of Breighton, to Mrs. Clark, of the former place.

Hull Packet, December 13, 1803
Game Certificates
Beilby Joseph, yeoman, Bubwith
Clark William, gent, Spaldington
Ealand Leonard, farmer, Harlthorpe
Ealand John, gent, Gribthorpe
Hance John, farmer, Spaldington
Weddall Edward, esq. Bubwith

Hull Packet, October 16, 1804
On Thursday at Hovingham, Mr. Chaplin, late of Bubwith, to Miss F. Schoolcroft, youngest daughter of the late Wm. Schoolcroft, esq. of the former place.

Hull Packet, September 24, 1805
Game Certificates
Chaplin William, gent, Bubwith
Ealand John, gent, Gribthorpe
Ealand Leonard, farmer, Harlthorpe
Hall Charles, gent, Bubwith
Hance John, yeoman, Spaldington
Jewitt William, yeoman, Foggathorpe
Linton James, yeoman, Foggathorpe
Musgrave Thomas, gent, Foggathorpe
Omer Thomas, gent, Bubwith
Weddall Edward, esq. Bubwith

Brisby Peter, for the manors of Holme and Bubwith cum Harlthorpe

Leeds Intelligencer, March 10, 1806
Notice is hereby given that the Pontage and Tolls arising at the Bridge built over the River Derwent, near Bubwith, in the East-Riding of the County of York, with the Toll House and appurtenances belonging thereto, will be Lett by way of Auction, to the best Bidder, on Tuesday the 18th day of March next, 11 o'clock in the Forenoon, at the house of Mr. John Richardson, the New Inn, in Bubwith, subject to such Conditions as will there and then be produced, and to be entered so on the First Day of April next.  RICHARD SWALLOW, Clerk to the said Proprietors, Selby, Feb. 18, 1806.

Notice is hereby given, That a meeting of the Trustees of the said Road, will be held at the house of Mr. John Richardson, the New Inn, in Bubwith, on Tuesday the 18th day of March next, 11 o'clock in the Forenoon, when the Tolls arising at the several Toll Bars upon the said road, called or known by the respective names of Barlby Bar, Bubwith Bar, and Holme Bar, will be Lett by way of Auction, to the best Bidders, in Manner as is directed by the Act passed in the 13th Year of the Reign of His present majesty King George the Third, for regulating Turnpike Roads; which Tolls produced the last Year the following sums, viz.

Barlby Bar        £161
Bubwith Bar        £113
Holme Bar        £120

Over and above the Expenses of collecting the same, and will be put up at those respective sums, subject to such Conditions as will there and then be produced, and to be entered so on the First Day of April next. RICHARD SWALLOW, Clerk to the said Proprietors, Selby, Feb. 18, 1806.

York Herald, April 12, 1806
Lately, at Spaldington, near Howden, at an advanced age, Mrs. Petch, wife of Mr. Petch, of that place.

Oxford Journal, December 20, 1806
At Leeds, Mr. L. Eland, of Harlthorpe, to Miss Eland, of Gribthorpe.

Leeds Intelligencer, May 25, 1807
Lately was married, the Rev. J. Earl, curate of Bubwith, to Miss Rotherey, niece to the Rev. J. Ion, rector of Bubwith.

York Herald, June 4, 1808
Education, &c.
The Rev. George Ion, Bubwith, Intends to re-open his school, on Monday, the 24th July, 1808.
Board and Lodging £22 p.a. for Boy under 12:
One guinea p.a. additional for each, and every year above 12
Four guineas p.a. for education
One guinea entrance
A pair of sheets and two pillowslips: Coals, candles &c. One pound
Washing, One pound twelve shillings p.a.

The branches taught in the School are - Greek, Latin, English, Writing, common and decimal Arithmetic, Book-Keeping, Mensuration, Trigonometry, Navigation, and Land Surveying.
N.B. When a boy leaves off from school a quarter's notice, or pay for a quarter is expected. The old English mode of Lunching, at leaving School in the Afternoon, is regularly attended to.

Leeds Intelligencer, March 06, 1809
Calendar of Prisoners in York Castle
Francis Pickering, of Spaldington, charged with stealing two silver spoons, &c from S. Brown of Howden.

York Herald, September 30, 1809
Recognizances to appear at East Riding Sessions
Watson Greaves, of Foggathorpe, labourer, £20

York Herald, November 25, 1809
Bubwith Rectory, to be sold. All those Tithes or Moieties of Tithes, within the Parish of Bubwith, which are held under the Dean and Chapter of York, by a lease for three lives; subject to the Rents and Covenants therein contained. For further particulars, apply to Mr. Hall, Scorbro, near Beverley, or to Mr. Mills, Proctor in York, to either of whom, the Proposals of any Person desirous of becoming a Purchaser may be sent.

Morning Chronicle, January 4, 1811
Sales by Auction
Spaldington Hall and Farms, Yorkshire. By Mr. Prickett, at the Auction Mart, near the Bank of England, on Thursday, the 31st instant, at 12 o'clock, in four lots, by order of the Executor of Henry Aspinall, Esq., deceased, unless previously disposed of by Private Contract, of which timely notice will be given.

The capital Freehold Estate, comprising Spaldington Hall, and four compact and valuable farms, with several messuages and tenements, eligibly situated within 18 miles from York, 20 miles from Beverley, 23 miles from Kingston-upon-Hull, 21 miles from Doncaster, 3 miles from the market-town of Howden, the same distance from the River Derwent; consisting together of upwards of 966 acres of very rich and fertile meadow, pasture and arable land. Also, considerable Corn and Hay tithes, issuing out of Willitoft, an adjoining township; together with one-third part of the manor of Spaldington. In the occupation of respectable tenants, at rents producing, exclusive of the manor, upwards of £2100 p.a.

1811: CENSUS Population Table for Bubwith


A:        Inhabited

B:        Number of Families

C:        Building

D:        Empty


E:        Farmers &c

F:        Traders &c

G:        Others not in last two classes


H:        Males

I:        Females

J:        Total number of Persons








Gribthorp with        Willitoft






1822: EARTHQUAKE (Chronicle for March) Many of the inhabitants of Seaton Ross, near York, Foggathorpe, and Holme upon Spalding-moor, were lately alarmed by a smart shock of an earthquake. Several families, who had just retired to rest, felt their beds shake under them, and some in the moment of surprise and affright sprung out of them upon the floor; others who were still up, felt their chairs move with them, and some ran out of doors to see what was the matter; a rumbling noise was heard, and in two houses the bells rangs of themselves. The shock was also felt in the villages of Beilby, Everingham, Allerthorpe and Melbourne.

Source: Annual Register, by James Dodsley, 1822, pages 61-62.


1834: John Smith, labourer, for housebreaking at Foggathorpe. Transported for 14 years.

Source: The Doncaster Gazette, 24th March, 1834.

1837: The Annual Report of the Poor Law Commissioners for England and Wales, 1837, gives the population figures for 1831, the average amount expended on the poor for the years 1834-1836, and the number of guardians for each township. The first number refers to the township number within the Howden Union.

Pop, 1831
in Pounds
with Gribthorpe

1841: In The Poll for Two Knights of the Shire for the West Riding of Yorkshire, 1841, Samuel Martin had land in Ousefleet which entitled him to vote, but he gave his residence as Breighton, in the East Riding.


1848: In The Poll for A Knight of the Shire for the West Riding of Yorkshire, 1848, Richard Sykes had land in Rawcliffe which entitled him to vote, but he gave his residence as Spaldington.