After 1662, if a man left his settled parish to move elsewhere, he had to take his Settlement Certificate, which guaranteed that his home parish would pay for his "removal" costs (from the host parish) back to his home if he needed poor relief. As parishes were often unwilling to issue such certificates people often stayed where they were – knowing that in an emergency they would be entitled to their parish's poor rate.
The 1662 Act stipulated that if a poor person (that is, resident of a tenancy with a taxable value less than £10 per year, who did not fall under the other protected categories) remained in the parish for forty days of undisturbed residency, he could acquire "settlement rights" in that parish. However, within those forty days, upon any local complaint, two JPs could remove the man and return him to his home parish. As a result, parish bosses frequently dispatched their poor to other parishes, with instructions to remain hidden for forty days before revealing themselves. This loophole was closed with the 1685 act (1 Jam II c.17) which required new arrivals to register with parish authorities. But sympathetic parish officers often hid the registration, and did not reveal the presence of new arrivals until the required residency period was over. As a result, the law was further tightened in 1692 (3 & 4 Will & Mar, c.11), and parish officers were obliged to publicly publish arrival registrations in writing in the local church Sunday circular, and read to the congregation, and that the forty days would only start counting from thereon.
|Beverley, St. Mary||PE1/691/72||Settlement Examination||26||Mar||1764||Mark Fleming, 28, bricklayer.
Apprenticed to George Elmer, bricklayer of Bubwith
|Eastrington||PE150/T18/20||Settlement Certificate||12||Mar||1756||Settlement certificate of Alexander Scott, his wife Alee and children George, Mary, Ann and Hannah of Gripthorpe.
|Eastrington||PE150/T18/30||Settlement Certificate||5||Apr||1770||Margritt Graves, widow of Spaldington, Bubwith.
|Eastrington||PE150/T18/31||Settlement Certificate||17||Sep||1770||Robert Graves of Spaldington and his wife Jane.
|Eastrington||PE150/T18/34||Settlement Certificate||3||Feb||1781||William Wood, his wife Mary and child William of Spaldington.
|Eastrington||PE150/T19/4||Bond of Indemnification||6||Oct||1781||Bond to indemnify the township account by Edward Ellis and Thomas Clark of Spaldington. Re: Mary Wade of Spaldington, singlewoman.|
|Eastrington||PE150/T18/48||Settlement Examination||15||Oct||1788||Examination of George Graves of Eastrington. States that he was hired at Howden to Thos Kemp at Foggathorpe for one year|
|Eastrington||PE150/T19/13||Settlement Examination||22||Feb||1819||Margaret Procter of Eastrington, singlewoman.
Father: John Jackson of Spaldington, Bubwith, labourer
|Eastrington||PE150/T19/13||Settlement Examination||22||Feb||1819||Examination of Margaret Procter of Eastrington, singlewoman.
Father: John Jackson of Spaldington, parish of Bubwith, labourer
|Elloughton, St Mary||PE101/43/6||Settlement Certificate||15||Oct||1776||James Tinall, labourer. Settlement: Willitoft, Bubwith.|
|Seaton Ross||PC7/6/4||Settlement certificate||8||Apr||1731||George Sanderson and wife. Settlement: Foggathorpe.|
|Seaton Ross||PC7/3/2||Bastardy bond||5||Nov||1735||Mother: Ann Sanderson, spinster, Seaton Ross.
Other parties: inhabitants of Foggathorpe
|Seaton Ross||PC7/7/2||Removal order||16||Oct||1735||Ann Sanderson Junior. Settlement: Foggathorpe|
|Seaton Ross||PC7/7/4||Removal order||25||Jul||1749||Ellen Battle. Settlement: Foggathorpe|
|Seaton Ross||PC7/6/13||Settlement Certificate||1||Jan||1756||John Sissons, wife Sarah. Settlement: Spaldington|
|Seaton Ross||PC7/7/5||Removal order||10||Apr||1756||John Sissons, wife Sarah. Settlement: Spaldington|
|Seaton Ross||PC7/6/28||Settlement Certificate||13||Nov||1775||Thomas Watson. Wife Sarah.|
|Seaton Ross||PC7/6/30||Settlement Certificate||23||Feb||1780||William Buttle, wife Ada.
Settlement: Gribthorpe and Willitoft, Bubwith
|Seaton Ross||PC7/4/16||Bastardy order||15||Feb||1828||Mother: Elizabeth Clarkson, singlewoman, Seaton Ross.
Father: Thomas Dales, farmer's servant, Foggathorpe.
Other particulars: son born Seaton Ross 21 Dec 1827
|Seaton Ross||PC7/7/40||Removal order||2||Mar||1831||Thomas Moor. Settlement: Foggathorpe|
From G Sumner, Overseer of Woodmansey, to William Stephenson of Willitoft near Howden that Robert Thompson has demanded from the Overseers the payment of a considerable sum of money for the maintenance of a child which Stephenson is the reputed father. Asks him to discharge the amount. Also asks him to ask his father to pay his rates. [Bradford Archives]
Returns of Pauper Lunatics
QAL/2/3/4 QAL/2/4/4 QAL/2/5/4
Ann Shepherd, 33, Spaldington; Hannah Young, 23, Bubwith
Hannah Young, 25, Bubwith; Ann Shepherd, 35, Spaldington
Hannah Young, 26, Bubwith
Hannah Young, 27, Bubwith
Hannah Brabbs, 24, Bubwith; William Hall, 15, Breighton
Hannah Brabbs, 25, Bubwith; William Hall, 16, Breighton; Mary Dibb, 28, Willitoft
William Hall, 17, Breighton; Hannah Hamson, 15, Spaldington
William Hall, 18, Breighton
Hannah Harrison, 21, Spaldington
Hannah Harrison, 22, Spaldington
Hannah Brabbs, 29, Bubwith; Hannah Harrison, 23, Spaldington
Ann Etty, 40, Breighton; Hannah Young, 45, Bubwith
Hannah Young, 46, Bubwith